This article deals with an issue encountered by almost every ﬁnancing system for scientiﬁc research: how to ensure the best possible quality of research and a favourable ratio between the means invested and the ﬁnal result.
Accreditation is an integral part of the autonomy of U.S. universities, which has changed, but also gained signiﬁcance through time. Whereas the evaluation of libraries used to be based upon their size, they are now evaluated based upon measures of their performance as deﬁned by ACRL, i.e. input, output and outcome measures.
Libraries are the heart of every university. European quality standards of higher education institutions naturally stress the signiﬁcance of libraries. The University of Ljubljana introduced systematic analyses and preparation of reports on quality (self-evaluation), which also applies to libraries.
The rationales for building SCIndeks: Serbian Citation Index are described. CIndeks was built as a hybrid product designed to meet the two “natural” priorities of science in a small developing country such as Serbia: promoting national research results internationally and supporting non-arbitrary, quantitative evaluation of academic entities.